From helping children with anxiety to avoiding people who are jerks to their owners, here’s 12 cool things science taught us about dogs this year.
1. Dogs Can be Soothed by Classical Music
2. “Puppy Dog Eyes” Create a Strong Bond
3. Our Dogs Can Tell When We’re Lying
4. You Can’t Throw a Dog Off Your Trail with Pepper
Despite that old myth you cannot throw a Bloodhound off your trail by using pepper. Earlier this year when 2 convicts escaped a NY prison it was reported that they had been using pepper to throw the search dogs off their trail. While using a distracting odor might confuse a dog for minute or two after that they’re right back on your trail again.
5. Dogs May Help Prevent Diabetes in Children
3000 children who were part of a diabetes prevention study helped researchers find that children with dogs were at a much lower risk of developing type 1 diabetes.
"We can show from previous studies that exposure to dogs prevents airway inflammations,” says research professor Suvi Virtanen of THL.
“The evidence we have now gained points to a significant protective effect in relation to type 1 diabetes, too. The results are unique on a worldwide scale, and additional research evidence is still needed to support our findings."
6. Dogs Avoid People Who React Negatively to Their Owner
Researchers found that dogs are much more socially intelligent than once thought, they’re able to pick up social cues as they pertain to their owners. These third party interactions were once thought to only pertain to humans and other primates. In the study the researchers found that dogs avoid people who are jerks to their owners – even when being offered food.
7. Dogs & Humans Can Estimate a Dog’s Size by Their Growl
Your dogs bark might be able to trick someone into thinking they’re much bigger than they are, but their growl doesn’t. We’ve all hear those tiny dogs with really big barks, but apparently they can’t disguise their grown in the same way. Humans and dogs can predictably estimate a dogs size based on their growl.
8. Untrained Dogs Follow Our Gaze
Many dogs will follow our gaze when it comes to toys or food, but research has found that they follow our eyes even when we’re just staring off into space. They tested 154 Border Collies and found that even the young or untrained dogs were showing the ability to follow a humans gaze at various objects and places. The study found that the more training a dog had the more they were likely to look back at the human face rather than stare off into the distance with the human.
9. Dogs Help Children With Anxiety
We’ve known that dogs have numerous health benefits such as reducing our blood pressure and helping with asthma, but a new study found that children with a dog in the home tend to have less anxiety.
But the team at Bassett Medical Center in New York found that just 12 percent of children with pet dogs tested positive for clinical anxiety, compared to 21 percent of children without a dog. – NBC News
10. The Direction of a Dogs Tail Wag (right or left) Says a Lot
Researchers found that dogs show hemispheric preferences (right vs left brain) when it comes to wagging their tails. Dogs generally wag their tails to the left when they’re more relaxed, and to the right when faced with something unknown or stressful.
Dogs respond emotionally to the direction of tail wags. A study found that when dogs see a tail wagging to the right they’re more relaxed, when the wag is to the left they become more stressed.
11. Dogs Respond Differently to Our Tone
Researchers found that your dogs temperament makes a difference when it comes to the tone you use while giving commands. In a study that tested service dogs & pet dogs the researchers found pet dogs did better at commands given in a calm voice, and the service dogs excelled while given commands in a more excitable one.
That’s a canine example, say the researchers, of the Yerkes-Dobson psychological law at work. It says that too much emotion can hinder performance as much as too little. Think of getting rattled during an interview for a job you really want.
12. Research Is Starting to Redefine the “Shelter Dog”
A study earlier this year found that the majority of millenials think of animals in shelters as “damaged goods.” Although they were aware of the many homeless pets in shelters they said they weren’t likely to adopt from one.
Behavioral scientists and shelter professionals are working together to help disprove many of the myths associated with ‘shelter dogs.‘ They’re reassessing the way temperament evaluations are handled and helping to get rid of the myth that relinquished pets are ‘problem’ pets.
We can use research to save so many animals’ lives. If we work together with shelters, universities, coalitions, and volunteers, we can leave our old ways, take our scientific abilities to debunk myths, and establish new ways.